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In Environmental research ; h5-index 67.0

The advent of COVID-19 has kept the whole world on their toes. Countries are maximizing their efforts to combat the virus and to minimize the infection. Since infectious microorganisms may be transmitted by variety of routes, respiratory and facial protection is required for those that are usually transmitted via droplets/aerosols. Therefore this pandemic has caused a sudden increase in the demand for personal protective equipment (PPE) such as gloves, masks, and many other important items since, the evidence of individual-to-individual transmission (through respiratory droplets/coughing) and secondary infection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). But the disposal of these personal protective measures remains a huge question mark towards the environmental impact. Huge waste generation demands proper segregation according to waste types, collection, and recycling to minimize the risk of infection spread through aerosols and attempts to implement measures to monitor infections. Hence, this review focuses on the impact of environment due to improper disposal of these personal protective measures and to investigate the safe disposal methods for these protective measures by using the safe, secure and innovative biological methods such as the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Ultraviolet (UV) lights for killing such deadly viruses.

Iyer Mahalaxmi, Tiwari Sushmita, Renu Kaviyarasi, Pasha Md Younus, Pandit Shraddha, Singh Bhupender, Raj Neethu, Saikrishna Krothapalli, Kwak Hee Jeong, Balasubramanian Venkatesh, Jang Soo Bin, Dileep Kumar G, Anand Uttpal, Narayanasamy Arul, Kinoshita Masako, Subramaniam Mohana Devi, Kumar Nachimuthu Senthil, Roy Ayan, Gopalakrishnan Abilash Valsala, Parthasarathi Ramakrishnan, Cho Ssang-Goo, Vellingiri Balachandar


Artificial intelligence, Biomedical waste, Biomedical waste management, COVID-19, Environmental damage, Personnel protective equipment (PPE)