In Information systems frontiers : a journal of research and innovation
Infectious diseases are highly contagious due to rapid transmission and very challenging to diagnose in the early stage. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning now become a strategic weapon in assisting infectious disease prevention, rapid-response in diagnosis, surveillance, and management. In this paper, a bifold COVID_SCREENET architecture is introduced for providing COVID-19 screening solutions using Chest Radiography (CR) images. Transfer learning using nine pre-trained ImageNet models to extract the features of Normal, Pneumonia, and COVID-19 images is adapted in the first fold and classified using baseline Convolutional Neural Network (CNN). A Modified Stacked Ensemble Learning (MSEL) is proposed in the second fold by stacking the top five pre-trained models, and then the predictions resulted. Experimentation is carried out in two folds: In first fold, open-source samples are considered and in second fold 2216 real-time samples collected from Tamilnadu Government Hospitals, India, and the screening results for COVID data is 100% accurate in both the cases. The proposed approach is also validated and blind reviewed with the help of two radiologists at Thanjavur Medical College & Hospitals by collecting 2216 chest X-ray images between the month of April and May. Based on the reports, the measures are calculated for COVID_SCREENET and it showed 100% accuracy in performing multi-class classification.
Elakkiya R, Vijayakumar Pandi, Karuppiah Marimuthu
AI diagnostics tool, COVID-19, Deep learning, Diagnostic radiography, Machine learning, Medical diagnosis, X-rays