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In European radiology ; h5-index 62.0

OBJECTIVES : An artificial intelligence model was adopted to identify mild COVID-19 pneumonia from computed tomography (CT) volumes, and its diagnostic performance was then evaluated.

METHODS : In this retrospective multicenter study, an atrous convolution-based deep learning model was established for the computer-assisted diagnosis of mild COVID-19 pneumonia. The dataset included 2087 chest CT exams collected from four hospitals between 1 January 2019 and 31 May 2020. The true positive rate, true negative rate, receiver operating characteristic curve, area under the curve (AUC) and convolutional feature map were used to evaluate the model.

RESULTS : The proposed deep learning model was trained on 1538 patients and tested on an independent testing cohort of 549 patients. The overall sensitivity was 91.5% (195/213; p < 0.001, 95% CI: 89.2-93.9%), the overall specificity was 90.5% (304/336; p < 0.001, 95% CI: 88.0-92.9%) and the general AUC value was 0.955 (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS : A deep learning model can accurately detect COVID-19 and serve as an important supplement to the COVID-19 reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test.

KEY POINTS : • The implementation of a deep learning model to identify mild COVID-19 pneumonia was confirmed to be effective and feasible. • The strategy of using a binary code instead of the region of interest label to identify mild COVID-19 pneumonia was verified. • This AI model can assist in the early screening of COVID-19 without interfering with normal clinical examinations.

Yao Jin-Cao, Wang Tao, Hou Guang-Hua, Ou Di, Li Wei, Zhu Qiao-Dan, Chen Wen-Cong, Yang Chen, Wang Li-Jing, Wang Li-Ping, Fan Lin-Yin, Shi Kai-Yuan, Zhang Jie, Xu Dong, Li Ya-Qing


Artificial intelligence, COVID-19, Computer-assisted diagnosis, Deep learning, Volume CT