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In Health information science and systems

The COVID-19 coronavirus has spread rapidly around the world and has caused global panic. Chest CT images play a major role in confirming positive COVID-19 patients. The computer aided diagnosis of COVID-19 from CT images based on artificial intelligence have been developed and deployed in some hospitals. But environmental influences and the movement of lung will affect the image quality, causing the lung parenchyma and pneumonia area unclear in CT images. Therefore, the performance of COVID-19's artificial intelligence diagnostic algorithm is reduced. If chest CT images are reconstructed, the accuracy and performance of the aided diagnostic algorithm may be improved. In this paper, a new aided diagnostic algorithm for COVID-19 based on super-resolution reconstructed images and convolutional neural network is presented. Firstly, the SRGAN neural network is used to reconstruct super-resolution images from original chest CT images. Then COVID-19 images and Non-COVID-19 images are classified from super-resolution chest CT images by VGG16 neural network. Finally, the performance of this method is verified by the pubic COVID-CT dataset and compared with other aided diagnosis methods of COVID-19. The experimental results show that improving the data quality through SRGAN neural network can greatly improve the final classification accuracy when the data quality is low. This proves that this method can obtain high accuracy, sensitivity and specificity in the examined test image datasets and has similar performance to other state-of-the-art deep learning aided algorithms.

Tan Wenjun, Liu Pan, Li Xiaoshuo, Liu Yao, Zhou Qinghua, Chen Chao, Gong Zhaoxuan, Yin Xiaoxia, Zhang Yanchun

2021-Dec

COVID-19, Chest CT images, Computer aided diagnosis, Convolutional neural network, Super-resolution images