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In Computer methods in biomechanics and biomedical engineering

Generally, time series data is referred to as the sequential representation of data that observes from different applications. Therefore, such expertise can use Electroencephalography (EEG) signals to fetch data regarding brain neural activities in brain-computer interface (BCI) systems. Due to massive and myriads data, the signals are appealed in a non-stationary format that ends with a poor quality resolution. To overcome this existing issue, a new framework of enhanced deep learning methods is proposed. The source signals are collected and undergo feature extraction in four ways. Hence, the features are concatenated to enhance the performance. Subsequently, the concatenated features are given to probability ratio-based Reptile Search Algorithm (PR-RSA) to select the optimal features. Finally, the classification is conducted using Enhanced Bi-directional Long Short-Term Memory (EBi-LSTM), where the hyperparameters are optimized by PR-RSA. Throughout the result analysis, it is confirmed that the offered model obtains elevated classification accuracy, and thus tends to increase the performance.

Saraswat Mala, Dubey Anil Kumar


Time-series data classification, brain–computer interface, electroencephalography signal, enhanced bi-directional long short-term memory, ensemble feature extraction, probability ratio-based reptile search algorithm