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In Frontiers in physiology

Fetal distress is a symptom of fetal intrauterine hypoxia, which is seriously harmful to both the fetus and the pregnant woman. The current primary clinical tool for the assessment of fetal distress is Cardiotocography (CTG). Due to subjective variability, physicians often interpret CTG results inconsistently, hence the need to develop an auxiliary diagnostic system for fetal distress. Although the deep learning-based fetal distress-assisted diagnosis model has a high classification accuracy, the model not only has a large number of parameters but also requires a large number of computational resources, which is difficult to deploy to practical end-use scenarios. Therefore, this paper proposes a lightweight fetal distress-assisted diagnosis network, LW-FHRNet, based on a cross-channel interactive attention mechanism. The wavelet packet decomposition technique is used to convert the one-dimensional fetal heart rate (FHR) signal into a two-dimensional wavelet packet coefficient matrix map as the network input layer to fully obtain the feature information of the FHR signal. With ShuffleNet-v2 as the core, a local cross-channel interactive attention mechanism is introduced to enhance the model's ability to extract features and achieve effective fusion of multichannel features without dimensionality reduction. In this paper, the publicly available database CTU-UHB is used for the network performance evaluation. LW-FHRNet achieves 95.24% accuracy, which meets or exceeds the classification results of deep learning-based models. Additionally, the number of model parameters is reduced many times compared with the deep learning model, and the size of the model parameters is only 0.33 M. The results show that the lightweight model proposed in this paper can effectively aid in fetal distress diagnosis.

Deng Yanjun, Zhang Yefei, Zhou Zhixin, Zhang Xianfei, Jiao Pengfei, Zhao Zhidong


attention mechanism, fetal distress, fetal heart rate, lightweight model, wavelet packet coefficient