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In BMC medical informatics and decision making ; h5-index 38.0

BACKGROUND : The incidence of stroke is a challenge in China, as stroke imposes a heavy burden on families, national health services, social services, and the economy. The length of hospital stay (LOS) is an essential indicator of utilization of medical services and is usually used to assess the efficiency of hospital management and patient quality of care. This study established a prediction model based on a machine learning algorithm to predict ischemic stroke patients' LOS.

METHODS : A total of 18,195 ischemic stroke patients' electronic medical records and 28 attributes were extracted from electronic medical records in a large comprehensive hospital in China. The prediction of LOS was regarded as a multi classification problem, and LOS was divided into three categories: 1-7 days, 8-14 days and more than 14 days. After preprocessing the data and feature selection, the XGBoost algorithm was used to build a machine learning model. Ten fold cross-validation was used for model validation. The accuracy (ACC), recall rate (RE) and F1 measure were used to evaluate the performance of the prediction model of LOS of ischemic stroke patients. Finally, the XGBoost algorithm was used to identify and remove irrelevant features by ranking all attributes based on feature importance.

RESULTS : Compared with the naive Bayesian algorithm, logistic region algorithm, decision tree classifier algorithm and ADaBoost classifier algorithm, the XGBoot algorithm has higher ACC, RE and F1 measure. The average ACC, RE and F1 measure were 0.89, 0.89 and 0.89 under the 10-fold cross-validation. According to the analysis of the importance of features, the LOS of ischemic stroke patients was affected by demographic characteristics, past medical history, admission examination features, and operation characteristics. Finally, the features in terms of hemiplegia aphasia, MRS, NIHSS, TIA, Operation or not, coma index etc. were found to be the top features in importance in predicting the LOS of ischemic stroke patients.

CONCLUSIONS : The XGBoost algorithm was an appropriate machine learning method for predicting the LOS of patients with ischemic stroke. Based on the prediction model, an intelligent medical management prediction system could be developed to predict the LOS based on ischemic stroke patients' electronic medical records.

Chen Rui, Zhang Shengfa, Li Jie, Guo Dongwei, Zhang Weijun, Wang Xiaoying, Tian Donghua, Qu Zhiyong, Wang Xiaohua


Ischemic stroke, Length of hospital stay (LOS), Machine learning (ML) model, XGBoost algorithm