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In medRxiv : the preprint server for health sciences

Intra-operative specimen mammography is a valuable tool in breast cancer surgery, providing immediate assessment of margins for a resected tumor. However, the accuracy of specimen mammography in detecting microscopic margin positivity is low. We sought to develop a deep learning-based model to predict the pathologic margin status of resected breast tumors using specimen mammography. A dataset of specimen mammography images matched with pathology reports describing margin status was collected. Models pre-trained on radiologic images were developed and compared with models pre-trained on non-medical images. Model performance was assessed using sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC). The dataset included 821 images and 53% had positive margins. For three out of four model architectures tested, models pre-trained on radiologic images outperformed domain-agnostic models. The highest performing model, InceptionV3, showed a sensitivity of 84%, a specificity of 42%, and AUROC of 0.71. These results compare favorably with the published literature on surgeon and radiologist interpretation of specimen mammography. With further development, these models could assist clinicians with identifying positive margins intra-operatively and decrease the rate of positive margins and re-operation in breast-conserving surgery.

Chen Kevin A, Kirchoff Kathryn E, Butler Logan R, Holloway Alexa D, Kapadia Muneera R, Gallagher Kristalyn K, Gomez Shawn M