In medRxiv : the preprint server for health sciences
BACKGROUND : Roughly 17% percent of minors in the United States aged 3 through 17 years have a diagnosis of one or more developmental or psychiatric conditions, with the true prevalence likely being higher due to underdiagnosis in rural areas and for minority populations. Unfortunately, timely diagnostic services are inaccessible to a large portion of the United States and global population due to cost, distance, and clinician availability. Digital phenotyping tools have the potential to shorten the time-to-diagnosis and to bring diagnostic services to more people by enabling accessible evaluations. While automated machine learning (ML) approaches for detection of pediatric psychiatry conditions have garnered increased research attention in recent years, existing approaches use a limited set of social features for the prediction task and focus on a single binary prediction.
OBJECTIVE : I propose the development of a gamified web system for data collection followed by a fusion of novel crowdsourcing algorithms with machine learning behavioral feature extraction approaches to simultaneously predict diagnoses of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in a precise and specific manner.
METHODS : The proposed pipeline will consist of: (1) a gamified web applications to curate videos of social interactions adaptively based on needs of the diagnostic system, (2) behavioral feature extraction techniques consisting of automated ML methods and novel crowdsourcing algorithms, and (3) development of ML models which classify several conditions simultaneously and which adaptively request additional information based on uncertainties about the data.
CONCLUSIONS : The prospective for high reward stems from the possibility of creating the first AI-powered tool which can identify complex social behaviors well enough to distinguish conditions with nuanced differentiators such as ASD and ADHD.