In Journal of digital imaging
The purpose is to evaluate whether deep learning-based denoising (DLD) algorithm provides sufficient image quality for abdominal computed tomography (CT) with a 30% reduction in radiation dose, compared to standard-dose CT reconstructed with conventional hybrid iterative reconstruction (IR). The subjects consisted of 50 patients who underwent abdominal CT with standard dose and reconstructed with hybrid IR (ASiR-V50%) and another 50 patients who underwent abdominal CT with approximately 30% less dose and reconstructed with ASiR-V50% and DLD at low-, medium- and high-strength (DLD-L, DLD-M and DLD-H, respectively). The standard deviation of attenuation in liver parenchyma was measured as image noise. Contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) for portal vein on portal venous phase was calculated. Lesion conspicuity in 23 abdominal solid mass on the reduced-dose CT was rated on a 5-point scale: 0 (best) to -4 (markedly inferior). Compared with hybrid IR of standard-dose CT, DLD-H of reduced-dose CT provided significantly lower image noise (portal phase: 9.0 (interquartile range, 8.7-9.4) HU vs 12.0 (11.4-12.7) HU, P < 0.0001) and significantly higher CNR (median, 5.8 (4.4-7.4) vs 4.3 (3.3-5.3), P = 0.0019). As for DLD-M of reduced-dose CT, no significant difference was found in image noise and CNR compared to hybrid IR of standard-dose CT (P > 0.99). Lesion conspicuity scores for DLD-H and DLD-M were significantly better than hybrid IR (P < 0.05). Dynamic contrast-enhanced abdominal CT acquired with approximately 30% lower radiation dose and generated with the DLD algorithm exhibit lower image noise and higher CNR compared to standard-dose CT with hybrid IR.
Nagata Motonori, Ichikawa Yasutaka, Domae Kensuke, Yoshikawa Kazuya, Kanii Yoshinori, Yamazaki Akio, Nagasawa Naoki, Ishida Masaki, Sakuma Hajime
Abdomen, Computed tomography, Deep learning, Image reconstruction, Radiation dose reduction