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In Scientific reports ; h5-index 158.0

It is vital to determine how patient characteristics that precede COVID-19 illness relate to COVID-19 mortality. This is a retrospective cohort study of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 across 21 healthcare systems in the US. All patients (N = 145,944) had COVID-19 diagnoses and/or positive PCR tests and completed their hospital stays from February 1, 2020 through January 31, 2022. Machine learning analyses revealed that age, hypertension, insurance status, and healthcare system (hospital site) were especially predictive of mortality across the full sample. However, multiple variables were especially predictive in subgroups of patients. The nested effects of risk factors such as age, hypertension, vaccination, site, and race accounted for large differences in mortality likelihood with rates ranging from about 2-30%. Subgroups of patients are at heightened risk of COVID-19 mortality due to combinations of preadmission risk factors; a finding of potential relevance to outreach and preventive actions.

Baker Timothy B, Loh Wei-Yin, Piasecki Thomas M, Bolt Daniel M, Smith Stevens S, Slutske Wendy S, Conner Karen L, Bernstein Steven L, Fiore Michael C