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In Computers in biology and medicine

Automatic segmentation of the lung parenchyma from computed tomography (CT) images is helpful for the subsequent diagnosis and treatment of patients. In this paper, based on a deep learning algorithm, a lung dense attention network (LDANet) is proposed with two mechanisms: residual spatial attention (RSA) and gated channel attention (GCA). RSA is utilized to weight the spatial information of the lung parenchyma and suppress feature activation in irrelevant regions, while the weights of each channel are adaptively calibrated using GCA to implicitly predict potential key features. Then, a dual attention guidance module (DAGM) is designed to maximize the integration of the advantages of both mechanisms. In addition, LDANet introduces a lightweight dense block (LDB) that reuses feature information and a positioned transpose block (PTB) that realizes accurate positioning and gradually restores the image resolution until the predicted segmentation map is generated. Experiments are conducted on two public datasets, LIDC-IDRI and COVID-19 CT Segmentation, on which LDANet achieves Dice similarity coefficient values of 0.98430 and 0.98319, respectively, outperforming a state-of-the-art lung segmentation model. Additionally, the effectiveness of the main components of LDANet is demonstrated through ablation experiments.

Chen Ying, Feng Longfeng, Zheng Cheng, Zhou Taohui, Liu Lan, Liu Pengfei, Chen Yi


CT images, DAGM, LDB, Lung parenchyma segmentation