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In Neural computing & applications

Early detection of the COVID-19 virus is an important task for controlling the spread of the pandemic. Imaging techniques such as chest X-ray are relatively inexpensive and accessible, but its interpretation requires expert knowledge to evaluate the disease severity. Several approaches for automatic COVID-19 detection using deep learning techniques have been proposed. While most approaches show high accuracy on the COVID-19 detection task, there is not enough evidence on external evaluation for this technique. Furthermore, data scarcity and sampling biases make difficult to properly evaluate model predictions. In this paper, we propose stochastic gradient Langevin dynamics (SGLD) to take into account the model uncertainty. Four different deep learning architectures are trained using SGLD and compared to their baselines using stochastic gradient descent. The model uncertainties are also evaluated according to their convergence properties and the leave-one-out predictive densities. The proposed approach is able to reduce overconfidence of the baseline estimators while also retaining predictive accuracy for the best-performing cases.

Hernández Sergio, López-Córtes Xaviera


Bayesian learning, COVID X-ray, Markov chain Monte Carlo