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In Procedia computer science

Coronavirus disease early identification and differentiating it with other lung infections is a complex and time-consuming task. At present RT-PCR and Antigen tests are used for diagnosis, but the whole process is tedious, time exhausting and sometimes gives inaccurate results. Radiological scans like CT scan and X-rays are often considered for confirmation of infection, as it contains vital information about region of infection, disease state and severity, texture, size and opacity of infection. Automated machine learning techniques along with CXR (Chest X-ray) images can serve as alternative approach for Covid-19 diagnosis and differentiating it with other health conditions. In this work, Covid-19 disease identification is performed based on multi-subband feature extraction using 2D Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) on CX-Ray images. The CX-ray images are decomposed into multi-subbands of frequencies using DWT. The quarter-sized decomposed low and high frequency components are concatenated into single feature vector. In order to find suitable wavelet filter for extracting features from CX-ray images, a rigorous experimentation is carried out among various wavelet families such as Haar, Daubechies, Symlets, Biorthogonal and their respective members that have different vanishing moment and regularity properties. The feature vector is then used for training machine learning model based on support vector machine classifier. Experimental result shows that the classification model based on Haar wavelet feature extraction performs better as compared to other wavelet families with classification accuracy of 100%.

Ali Nikhat, Yadav Jyotsna


Covid-19, Discrete wavelet transform (DWT), X-ray, classification, machine learning, multi-subband