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In Procedia computer science

Segmentation of pneumonia lesions from Lung CT images has become vital for diagnosing the disease and evaluating the severity of the patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. Several AI-based systems have been proposed for this task. However, some low-contrast abnormal zones in CT images make the task challenging. The researchers investigated image preprocessing techniques to accomplish this problem and to enable more accurate segmentation by the AI-based systems. This study proposes a COVID-19 Lung-CT segmentation system based on histogram-based non-parametric region localization and enhancement (LE) methods prior to the U-Net architecture. The COVID-19-infected lung CT images were initially processed by the LE method, and the infected regions were detected and enhanced to provide more discriminative features to the deep learning segmentation methods. The U-Net is trained using the enhanced images to segment the regions affected by COVID-19. The proposed system achieved 97.75%, 0.85, and 0.74 accuracy, dice score, and Jaccard index, respectively. The comparison results suggested that the use of LE methods as a preprocessing step in CT Lung images significantly improved the feature extraction and segmentation abilities of the U-Net model by a 0.21 dice score. The results might lead to implementing the LE method in segmenting varied medical images.

Ilhan Ahmet, Alpan Kezban, Sekeroglu Boran, Abiyev Rahib


COVID-19, Enhancement, Localization, Lung CT, U-Net