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In Biochip journal

Since coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic rapidly spread worldwide, there is an urgent demand for accurate and suitable nucleic acid detection technology. Although the conventional threshold-based algorithms have been used for processing images of droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR), there are still challenges from noise and irregular size of droplets. Here, we present a combined method of the mask region convolutional neural network (Mask R-CNN)-based image detection algorithm and Gaussian mixture model (GMM)-based thresholding algorithm. This novel approach significantly reduces false detection rate and achieves highly accurate prediction model in a ddPCR image processing. We demonstrated that how deep learning improved the overall performance in a ddPCR image processing. Therefore, our study could be a promising method in nucleic acid detection technology.

Lee Young Suh, Choi Ji Wook, Kang Taewook, Chung Bong Geun


Deep learning, GMM clustering, Image processing, Mask R-CNN, ddPCR