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In Biosafety and health

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic had a devastating impact on human society. Beginning with genome surveillance of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the development of omics technologies brought a clearer understanding of the complex SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19. Here, we reviewed how omics, including genomics, proteomics, single-cell multi-omics, and clinical phenomics, play roles in answering biological and clinical questions about COVID-19. Large-scale sequencing and advanced analysis methods facilitate COVID-19 discovery from virus evolution and severity risk prediction to potential treatment identification. Omics would indicate precise and globalized prevention and medicine for the COVID-19 pandemic under the utilization of big data capability and phenotypes refinement. Furthermore, decoding the evolution rule of SARS-CoV-2 by deep learning models is promising to forecast new variants and achieve more precise data to predict future pandemics and prevent them on time.

Cen Xiaoping, Wang Fengao, Huang Xinhe, Jovic Dragomirka, Dubee Fred, Yang Huanming, Li Yixue


COVID-19, artificial intelligence, multi-omics, precision medicine