In Informatics in medicine unlocked
BACKGROUND : Chest computed tomography (CT) has a high sensitivity for detecting COVID-19 lung involvement and is widely used for diagnosis and disease monitoring. We proposed a new image classification model, swin-textural, that combined swin-based patch division with textual feature extraction for automated diagnosis of COVID-19 on chest CT images. The main objective of this work is to evaluate the performance of the swin architecture in feature engineering.
MATERIAL AND METHOD : We used a public dataset comprising 2167, 1247, and 757 (total 4171) transverse chest CT images belonging to 80, 80, and 50 (total 210) subjects with COVID-19, other non-COVID lung conditions, and normal lung findings. In our model, resized 420 × 420 input images were divided using uniform square patches of incremental dimensions, which yielded ten feature extraction layers. At each layer, local binary pattern and local phase quantization operations extracted textural features from individual patches as well as the undivided input image. Iterative neighborhood component analysis was used to select the most informative set of features to form ten selected feature vectors and also used to select the 11th vector from among the top selected feature vectors with accuracy >97.5%. The downstream kNN classifier calculated 11 prediction vectors. From these, iterative hard majority voting generated another nine voted prediction vectors. Finally, the best result among the twenty was determined using a greedy algorithm.
RESULTS : Swin-textural attained 98.71% three-class classification accuracy, outperforming published deep learning models trained on the same dataset. The model has linear time complexity.
CONCLUSIONS : Our handcrafted computationally lightweight swin-textural model can detect COVID-19 accurately on chest CT images with low misclassification rates. The model can be implemented in hospitals for efficient automated screening of COVID-19 on chest CT images. Moreover, findings demonstrate that our presented swin-textural is a self-organized, highly accurate, and lightweight image classification model and is better than the compared deep learning models for this dataset.
Tuncer Ilknur, Barua Prabal Datta, Dogan Sengul, Baygin Mehmet, Tuncer Turker, Tan Ru-San, Yeong Chai Hong, Acharya U Rajendra
COVID-19 classification, Computed tomography images, Swin, Swin-textural, Textural feature extraction