In Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Background: Despite many studies done to predict severe coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) patients, there is no applicable clinical prediction model to predict and distinguish severe patients early. Based on laboratory and demographic data, we have developed and validated a deep learning model to predict survival and assist in the triage of COVID-19 patients in the early stages. Methods: This retrospective study developed a survival prediction model based on the deep learning method using demographic and laboratory data. The database consisted of data from 487 patients with COVID-19 diagnosed by the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction test and admitted to Imam Khomeini hospital affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences from February 21, 2020, to June 24, 2020. Results: The developed model achieved an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.96 for survival prediction. The results demonstrated the developed model provided high precision (0.95, 0.93), recall (0.90,0.97), and F1-score (0.93,0.95) for low- and high-risk groups. Conclusion: The developed model is a deep learning-based, data-driven prediction tool that can predict the survival of COVID-19 patients with an AUC of 0.96. This model helps classify admitted patients into low-risk and high-risk groups and helps triage patients in the early stages.
Taheriyan Moloud, Ayyoubzadeh Seyed Mehdi, Ebrahimi Mehdi, R Niakan Kalhori Sharareh, Abooei Amir Hossien, Gholamzadeh Marsa, Ayyoubzadeh Seyed Mohammad
COVID-19, Deep Learning, Prediction, Survival Analysis, Triage