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In Radiology ; h5-index 91.0

Background CT imaging of chronic total occlusion (CTO) is useful in guiding revascularization, but manual reconstruction and quantification are time consuming. Purpose To develop and validate a deep learning (DL) model for automated CTO reconstruction. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, a DL model for automated CTO segmentation and reconstruction was developed using coronary CT angiography images from a training set of 6066 patients (582 with CTO, 5484 without CTO) and a validation set of 1962 patients (208 with CTO, 1754 without CTO). The algorithm was validated using an external test set of 211 patients with CTO. The consistency and measurement agreement of CTO quantification were compared between the DL model and the conventional manual protocol using the intraclass correlation coefficient, Cohen κ coefficient, and Bland-Altman plot. The predictive values of CT-derived Multicenter CTO Registry of Japan (J-CTO) score for revascularization success were evaluated. Results In the external test set, 211 patients (mean age, 66 years ± 11 [SD]; 164 men) with 240 CTO lesions were evaluated. Automated segmentation and reconstruction of CTOs by DL was successful in 95% of lesions (228 of 240) without manual editing and in 48% of lesions (116 of 240) with the conventional manual protocol (P < .001). The total postprocessing and measurement time was shorter for DL than for manual reconstruction (mean, 121 seconds ± 20 vs 456 seconds ± 68; P < .001). The quantitative and qualitative CTO parameters evaluated with the two methods showed excellent correlation (all correlation coefficients > 0.85, all P < .001) and minimal measurement difference. The predictive values of J-CTO score derived from DL and conventional manual quantification for procedure success showed no difference (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.76 [95% CI: 0.69, 0.82] and 0.76 [95% CI: 0.69, 0.82], respectively; P = .55). Conclusion When compared with manual reconstruction, the deep learning model considerably reduced postprocessing time for chronic total occlusion quantification and had excellent correlation and agreement in the anatomic assessment of occlusion features. © RSNA, 2022 Online supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Loewe in this issue.

Li Meiling, Ling Runjianya, Yu Lihua, Yang Wenyi, Chen Zirong, Wu Dijia, Zhang Jiayin