Receive a weekly summary and discussion of the top papers of the week by leading researchers in the field.

In Computational intelligence and neuroscience

Background : The first-line treatment for patients with any type of pituitary adenoma is trans-sphenoidal surgery. Considering the prevalence of the condition globally, the treatment is quite common. The recurrence of pituitary adenoma is a recognized occurrence in the medical field; however, there is limited comprehensive research and analysis of the predictive factors of recurrence rates and the clinical factors impacting relapse rates. Identifying the recurrence rates of pituitary adenomas and the clinical factors associated with them could help increase the remission rate by increasing focus on the specific aspects for early diagnosis and improved treatment.

Objective : The objective of the current systematic review and meta-analysis is to assess the recurrent rates based on previous studies and to explore the clinical factors after pituitary surgery.

Methods : A search was performed on PubMed, APA PsycINFO, Scopus, CENTRAL, and Google Scholar databases for English articles published from 1st January 2010 to 1st August 2022. Systematic reviews, meta-analysis, evidence syntheses, editorials, commentaries, preclinical studies, abstracts, theses, and preprints were excluded. Meta XL statistical software was used to conduct a prevalence meta-analysis.

Results : PubMed, PsycINFO, and Medline databases were searched. All of the articles were written between 2012 and 2022. In the beginning, 612 items were recognized. After removing duplicates and analyzing the remaining articles in terms of inclusion and exclusion criteria, 31 articles remained.

Conclusion : There is a relationship between recurrence rates and the follow-up period. There were conflicting results about the clinical factors after pituitary adenoma surgery, specifically age and tumor size. Some included studies that there was an association between macroadenomas and high recurrence rates. No study reported that gender was a clinical factor affecting pituitary adenoma surgery outcomes or the recurrence rate. Studies also reported that there was a correlation between the remnant tumor factor and the recurrence rates; adenoma remnants after surgery increased the risk of recurrence rates for patients.

Zhang Xianghe, Yang Fan, Han Nianchen