In Physics in medicine and biology
Psychiatry, as a field, lacks objective markers for diagnosis, progression, treatment planning, and prognosis, in part due to difficulties studying the brain in vivo, and diagnoses are based on self-reported symptoms and observation of patient behavior and cognition. Rapid advances in brain imaging techniques allow clinical investigators to noninvasively quantify brain features at the structural, functional, and molecular levels. Psychoradiology is an emerging discipline at the intersection of psychiatry and radiology. Psychoradiology applies medical imaging technologies to psychiatry and promises not only to improve insight into structural and functional brain abnormalities in patients with psychiatric disorders but also to have potential clinical utility. We searched for representative studies related to recent advances in psychoradiology through May 1, 2022, and conducted a selective review of 165 references, including 75 research articles. We summarize the novel dynamic imaging processing methods to model brain networks and present imaging genetics studies that reveal the relationship between various neuroimaging endophenotypes and genetic markers in psychiatric disorders. Furthermore, we survey recent advances in psychoradiology, with a focus on future psychiatric diagnostic approaches with dimensional analysis and a shift from group-level to individualized analysis. Finally, we examine the application of machine learning in psychoradiology studies and the potential of a novel option for brain stimulation treatment based on psychoradiological findings in precision medicine. Here, we provide a summary of recent advances in psychoradiology research, and we hope this review will help guide the practice of psychoradiology in the scientific and clinical fields.
Luo Lekai, You Wanfang, DelBello Melissa P, Gong Qiyong, Li Fei
Psychoradiology, dynamic functional connectivity, gene, individual difference, machine learning, magnetic resonance imaging