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In NeuroImage. Clinical

BACKGROUND : Accurate risk stratification of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) could help refine adjuvant therapy selection and better understand the clinical course. We aimed to evaluate the value of radiomics features from hematomal and perihematomal edema areas for prognosis prediction and to develop a model combining clinical and radiomic features for accurate outcome prediction of patients with ICH.

METHODS : This multicenter study enrolled patients with ICH from January 2016 to November 2021. Their outcomes at 3 months were recorded based on the modified Rankin Scale (good, 0-3; poor, 4-6). Independent clinical and radiomic risk factors for poor outcome were identified through multivariate logistic regression analysis, and predictive models were developed. Model performance and clinical utility were evaluated in both internal and external cohorts.

RESULTS : Among the 1098 ICH patients evaluated (mean age, 60 ± 13 years), 703 (64 %) had poor outcomes. Age, hemorrhage volume and location, and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) were independently associated with outcomes. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of the clinical model was 0.881 in the external validation cohort. Addition of the Rad-score (combined hematoma and perihematomal edema area) improved predictive accuracy and model performance (AUC, 0.893), net reclassification improvement, 0.140 (P < 0.001), and integrated discrimination improvement, 0.050 (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS : The radiomics features of hematomal and perihematomal edema area have additional value in prognostic prediction; moreover, addition of radiomic features significantly improves model accuracy.

Huang Xiaoyu, Wang Dan, Zhang Qiaoying, Ma Yaqiong, Zhao Hui, Li Shenglin, Deng Juan, Ren Jialiang, Yang Jingjing, Zhao Zhiyong, Xu Min, Zhou Qing, Zhou Junlin


Intracerebral hemorrhage, Non-contrast computed tomography, Outcome, Perihematomal edema, Radiomics