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In Cytometry. Part A : the journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology

The five-part differential of leukocytes plays key roles in the diagnosis of a variety of diseases and is realized by optical examinations of single cells, which is prone to various artifacts due to chemical treatments. The classification of leukocytes based on electrical impedances without cell treatments has not been demonstrated because of limitations in approaches of impedance acquisition and data processing. In this study, based on treatment-free single-cell impedance profiles collected from impedance flow cytometry leveraging constriction microchannels, two types of neural pattern recognition were conducted for comparisons with the purpose of realizing the five-part differential of leukocytes. In the first approach, 30 features from impedance profiles were defined manually and extracted automatically, and then a feedforward neural network was conducted, producing a classification accuracy of 84.9% in the five-part leukocyte differential. In the second approach, a customized recurrent neural network was developed to process impedance profiles directly and based on deep learning, a classification accuracy of 97.5% in the five-part leukocyte differential was reported. These results validated the feasibility of the five-part leukocyte differential based on label-free impedance profiles of single cells and thus provide a new perspective of differentiating white blood cells based on impedance flow cytometry.

Wang Minruihong, Tan Huiwen, Li Yimin, Chen Xiao, Chen Deyong, Wang Junbo, Chen Jian


constriction microchannel, five-part differential of white blood cells, impedance flow cytometry, neural pattern recognition, recurrent neural network