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In Revista de psiquiatria y salud mental

INTRODUCTION : Incidence rates of dementia-related neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) are not known and this hampers the assessment of their population burden. The objective of this study was to obtain an approximate estimate of the population incidence and prevalence of both dementia and NPS.

METHODS : Given the dynamic nature of the population with dementia, a retrospective study was conducted within the database of the Basque Health Service (real-world data) at the beginning and end of 2019. Validated random forest models were used to identify separately depressive and psychotic clusters according to their presence in the electronic health records of all patients diagnosed with dementia.

RESULTS : Among the 631,949 individuals over 60 years registered, 28,563 were diagnosed with dementia, of whom 15,828 (55.4%) showed psychotic symptoms and 19,461 (68.1%) depressive symptoms. The incidence of dementia in 2019 was 6.8/1000 person-years. Most incident cases of depressive (72.3%) and psychotic (51.9%) NPS occurred in cases of incident dementia. The risk of depressive-type NPS grows with years since dementia diagnosis, living in a nursing home, and female sex, but falls with older age. In the psychotic cluster model, the effects of male sex, and older age are inverted, both increasing the probability of this type of symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS : The stigmatization factor conditions the social and attitudinal environment, delaying the diagnosis of dementia, preventing patients from receiving adequate care and exacerbating families' suffering. This study evidences the synergy between big data and real-world data for psychiatric epidemiological research.

Mar Javier, Gorostiza Ania, Arrospide Arantzazu, Larrañaga Igor, Alberdi Ane, Cernuda Carlos, Iruin Álvaro, Tainta Mikel, Mar-Barrutia Lorea, Ibarrondo Oliver

Aprendizaje automático, Demencia, Dementia, Incidence, Incidencia, Machine learning, Neuropsychiatric symptoms, Prevalence, Prevalencia, Síntomas neuropsiquiátricos