In Oral radiology
This study aimed at performing a systematic review of the literature on the application of artificial intelligence (AI) in dental and maxillofacial cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and providing comprehensive descriptions of current technical innovations to assist future researchers and dental professionals. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols (PRISMA) Statement was followed. The study's protocol was prospectively registered. Following databases were searched, based on MeSH and Emtree terms: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase and Web of Science. The search strategy enrolled 1473 articles. 59 publications were included, which assessed the use of AI on CBCT images in dentistry. According to the PROBAST guidelines for study design, seven papers reported only external validation and 11 reported both model building and validation on an external dataset. 40 studies focused exclusively on model development. The AI models employed mainly used deep learning models (42 studies), while other 17 papers used conventional approaches, such as statistical-shape and active shape models, and traditional machine learning methods, such as thresholding-based methods, support vector machines, k-nearest neighbors, decision trees, and random forests. Supervised or semi-supervised learning was utilized in the majority (96.62%) of studies, and unsupervised learning was used in two (3.38%). 52 publications included studies had a high risk of bias (ROB), two papers had a low ROB, and four papers had an unclear rating. Applications based on AI have the potential to improve oral healthcare quality, promote personalized, predictive, preventative, and participatory dentistry, and expedite dental procedures.
Mureșanu Sorana, Almășan Oana, Hedeșiu Mihaela, Dioșan Laura, Dinu Cristian, Jacobs Reinhilde
Artificial intelligence, Cone beam computed tomography, Deep learning, Dentistry