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In Developmental cognitive neuroscience ; h5-index 46.0

Neurodevelopmental research has traditionally focused on development of individual structures, yet multiple lines of evidence indicate parallel development of large-scale systems, including canonical neural networks (i.e., default mode, frontoparietal). However, the relationship between region- vs. network-level development remains poorly understood. The current study tests the ability of a recently developed multi-task coactivation matrix approach to predict canonical resting state network engagement at baseline and at two-year follow-up in a large and cohort of young adolescents. Pre-processed tabulated neuroimaging data were obtained from the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development (ABCD) study, assessing youth at baseline (N = 6073, age = 10.0 ± 0.6 years, 3056 female) and at two-year follow-up (N = 3539, age = 11.9 ± 0.6 years, 1726 female). Individual multi-task co-activation matrices were constructed from the beta weights of task contrasts from the stop signal task, the monetary incentive delay task, and emotional N-back task. Activation-based predictive modeling, a cross-validated machine learning approach, was adopted to predict resting-state canonical network engagement from multi-task co-activation matrices at baseline. Note that the tabulated data used different parcellations of the task fMRI data ("ASEG" and Desikan) and the resting-state fMRI data (Gordon). Despite this, the model successfully predicted connectivity within the default mode network (DMN, rho = 0.179 ± 0.002, p < 0.001) across participants and identified a subset of co-activations within parietal and occipital macroscale brain regions as key contributors to model performance, suggesting an underlying common brain functional architecture across cognitive domains. Notably, predictive features for resting-state connectivity within the DMN identified at baseline also predicted DMN connectivity at two-year follow-up (rho = 0.258). These results indicate that multi-task co-activation matrices are functionally meaningful and can be used to predict resting-state connectivity. Interestingly, given that predictive features within the co-activation matrices identified at baseline can be extended to predictions at a future time point, our results suggest that task-based neural features and models are valid predictors of resting state network level connectivity across the course of development. Future work is encouraged to verify these findings with more consistent parcellations between task-based and resting-state fMRI, and with longer developmental trajectories.

Ye Fengdan, Kohler Robert, Serio Bianca, Lichenstein Sarah, Yip Sarah W


Adolescence, Co-activation, Cognition, Development, Predictive modeling, Resting-state connectivity