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In PeerJ. Computer science

Sea surface temperature (SST) is an important parameter to measure the energy and heat balance of sea surface. The change of sea surface temperature has an important impact on the marine ecosystem, marine climate and marine environment. Therefore, sea surface temperature prediction has become an significant research direction in the field of ocean. This article proposes a DBULSTM-Adaboost model based on ensemble learning. The model is composed of Deep Bidirectional and Unidirectional Long Short Term Memory (DBULSTM) and Adaboost strong learner. DBULSTM can capture the forward and backward dependence of time series, and the DBULSTM model is integrated with Adaboost strong learner to reduce the variance and bias of prediction and realize the short and medium term prediction of SST at a single point scale. Experimental results show that the model can improve the accuracy and stability of SST prediction. Experiments on the East China Sea and South China Sea with different prediction lengths show that the model is almost superior to other classical models in different sea areas and at different prediction levels. Compared with full-connected LSTM (FC-LSTM) model, the root-mean-square error is reduced by about 0.1.

Yang Jiachen, Huo Jiaming, He Jingyi, Xiao Taiqiu, Chen Desheng, Li Yang


Adaboost, DBULSTM, Deep learning, Marine environment, Sea surface temperature prediction