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In NMR in biomedicine ; h5-index 41.0

PURPOSE : Although recent deep energy-based generative models (EBMs) have shown encouraging results in many image generation tasks, how to take advantage of the self-adversarial cogitation in deep EBMs to boost the performance of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) reconstruction is still desired.

METHODS : With the successful application of deep learning in a wide range of MRI reconstruction, a line of emerging research involves formulating an optimization-based reconstruction method in the space of a generative model. Leveraging this, a novel regularization strategy is introduced in this article which takes advantage of self-adversarial cogitation of the deep energy-based model. More precisely, we advocate for alternating learning a more powerful energy-based model with maximum likelihood estimation to obtain the deep energy-based information, represented as image prior. Simultaneously, implicit inference with Langevin dynamics is a unique property of reconstruction. In contrast to other generative models for reconstruction, the proposed method utilizes deep energy-based information as the image prior in reconstruction to improve the quality of image.

RESULTS : Experiment results that imply the proposed technique can obtain remarkable performance in terms of high reconstruction accuracy that is competitive with state-of-the-art methods, and does not suffer from mode collapse.

CONCLUSION : Algorithmically, an iterative approach was presented to strengthen EBM training with the gradient of energy network. The robustness and the reproducibility of the algorithm were also experimentally validated. More importantly, the proposed reconstruction framework can be generalized for most MRI reconstruction scenarios.

Guan Yu, Tu Zongjiang, Wang Shanshan, Wang Yuhao, Liu Qiegen, Liang Dong


Energy-based model, compressed sensing, deep generative modelling, parallel imaging, self-adversarial cogitation