In Computational intelligence and neuroscience
In order to improve the accuracy and precision of music generation assisted by robotics, this study analyzes the application of deep learning in piano music generation. Firstly, based on the basic concepts of robotics and deep learning, the advantages of long short-term memory (LSTM) networks are introduced and applied to the piano music generation. Meanwhile, based on LSTM, dropout coefficients are used for optimization. Secondly, various parameters of the algorithm are determined, including the effects of the number of iterations and neurons in the hidden layer on the effect of piano music generation. Finally, the generated music sequence spectrograms are analyzed to illustrate the accuracy and rationality of the algorithm. The spectrograms are compared with the music sequence spectrograms generated by the traditional restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) music generation algorithm. The results show that (1) when the dropout coefficient value is 0.7, the function converges faster, and the experimental results are better; (2) when the number of iterations is 6000, the error between the generated music sequence and the original music is the smallest; (3) the number of hidden layers of the network is set to 4. When the number of neurons in each hidden layer is set to 1024, the training result of the network is optimal; (4) compared with the traditional RBM piano music generation algorithm, the LSTM-based algorithm and the sampling frequency distribution tend to be consistent with the original sample. The results show that the network has good performance in music generation and can provide a certain reference for automatic music generation.
Pan Jian, Yu Shaode, Zhang Zi, Hu Zhen, Wei Mingliang