In The Science of the total environment
Discretely wetland transformations and livelihood vulnerability related works are profoundly found worldwide, but their linkage is not investigated often. The present study aimed to explore the after damming transformation of wetland's eco-hydrological status and water quality and assessed its effects on livelihood vulnerability state of the fishermen community in the lower part of the Tangon river basin. Based on 15 field and satellite image-driven indicators of transformation, multiple machine learning (ML) algorithms were used to model the eco-hydrological state (EHS) of the wetland. Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) of 45 fishing-dominated villages was computed using a balanced weighted LVI score. The result revealed that 60.55 % wetland area was obliterated between the pre- dam and post-dam periods, and the existing wetland area (21.06 km2) witnessed noticeable eco-hydrological and water quality degradation. Correlation and kernel density estimation (KDE) plot clearly revealed that rate of EHS degradation and water quality changes was negatively associated (at ≤0.01 level of significance) and both controlled LVI. So, such changes not only pose pressure on the aquatic species like fishes but also hampered the well-being of the fishermen communities evolving. The findings of the work would be useful in this transition while deciding the alternative strategies to build a resilient community. Moreover, since the eco-hydrological state were explored this would be effective for wetland restoration planning.
Singha Pankaj, Pal Swades
Eco-hydrological degradation, Fishermen community and impacts on fishermen, Livelihood vulnerability, Water quality, Wetland transformation