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In Optics express

In atmospheric aerosol remote sensing and data assimilation studies, the Jacobians of the optical properties of non-spherical aerosol particles are required. Specifically, the partial derivatives of the extinction efficiency factor, single-scattering albedo, asymmetry factor, and scattering matrix should be obtained with respect to microphysical parameters, such as complex refractive indices, shape parameters and size parameters. When a look-up table (LUT) of optical properties of particles is available, the Jacobians traditionally can be calculated using the finite difference method (FDM), but the accuracy of the process depends on the resolution of microphysical parameters. In this paper, a deep learning scheme was proposed for computing Jacobians of the optical properties of super-spheroids, which is a flexible model of non-spherical atmospheric particles. Using the neural networks (NN), the error of the Jacobians in the FDM can be reduced by more than 60%, and the error reduction rate of the Jacobians of the scattering matrix elements can be more than 90%. We also tested the efficiency of the NN for computing the Jacobians. The computation takes 30 seconds for one million samples on a host with an NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3070 GPU. The accuracy and efficiency of the present NN scheme proves it is promising for applications in remote sensing and data assimilation studies.

Yu Jinhe, Bi Lei, Han Wei, Wang Deying, Zhang Xiaoye