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In IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering : a publication of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society

Centrotemporal spike-waves (CTSWs) are typical interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) observed in centrotemporal regions in self-limited epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (SLECTS). This study aims to develop a deep learning-based approach for automated detection of CTSWs in scalp electroencephalography (EEG) recordings of patients with SLECTS. To lower the substantial burden of IED annotation on clinicians, we simplified it by limiting IEDs to CTSWs because electroencephalographic patterns of CTSWs are known to be highly consistent. Two neurologists annotated 1672 CTSWs of 20 patients with SLECTS. Thereafter, we performed a two-level CTSW detection procedure: epoch-level and EEG-level. In the epoch-level detection, we constructed convolutional neural network-based classification models for CTSW and non-CTSW binary classification using the recordings of 20 patients and 20 controls. We then set the thresholds of the classification models for 100% specificity. In the EEG-level detection, we applied the threshold-adjusted classification models to the recordings of 50 patients and 50 controls that were not used in the epoch-level detection to distinguish between CTSW-positive (with one or more CTSWs) and CTSW-negative (with no CTSW) recordings based on the detection of CTSW presence. We obtained an average sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 99.8%, 98.4%, and 99.1%, respectively, with an average false detection rate of 0.19/hr for the controls. Our approach showed high detectability for CTSWs despite the simplified annotation process. We expect that the proposed CTSW detectors have potential clinical usefulness for efficiently reading EEGs and diagnosing SLECTS, and can significantly reduce the burden of IED annotation on clinicians.

Jeon Yonghoon, Chung Yoon Gi, Joo Taehyun, Kim Hunmin, Hwang Hee, Kim Ki Joong