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In IEEE journal of biomedical and health informatics

Automatic segmentation of myocardial infarction(MI) regions in late gadolinium-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance images is an essential step in the computed diagnosis of myocardial infarction. Most of the current myocardial infarction region segmentation methods are based on fully supervised deep learning. However, cardiologists' annotation of myocardial infarction regions in cardiac magnetic resonance images during the diagnosis process is time-consuming and expensive. This paper proposes a semi-supervised myocardial infarction segmentation. It consists of two models: 1) a boundary mining model and 2) an adversarial learning model. The boundary mining model can solve the boundary ambiguity problem by enlarging the gap between the foreground and background features, thus segmenting the myocardial infarction region accurately. The adversarial learning model can make the boundary mining model learn from additional unlabeled data by evaluating the segmentation performance and providing pseudo supervision, which significantly increases the robustness of the boundary mining model. We conduct extensive experiments on an in-house myocardial magnetic resonance dataset. The experimental results on six evaluation metrics demonstrate that our method achieves excellent results in myocardial infarction segmentation and outperforms the state-of-the-art semi-supervised methods.

Xu Chenchu, Wang Yifei, Zhang Dong, Han Longfei, Zhang Yanping, Chen Jie, Li Shuo