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ArXiv Preprint

Registration of pre-operative and follow-up brain MRI scans is challenging due to the large variation of tissue appearance and missing correspondences in tumour recurrence regions caused by tumour mass effect. Although recent deep learning-based deformable registration methods have achieved remarkable success in various medical applications, most of them are not capable of registering images with pathologies. In this paper, we propose a 3-step registration pipeline for pre-operative and follow-up brain MRI scans that consists of 1) a multi-level affine registration, 2) a conditional deep Laplacian pyramid image registration network (cLapIRN) with forward-backward consistency constraint, and 3) a non-linear instance optimization method. We apply the method to the Brain Tumor Sequence Registration (BraTS-Reg) Challenge. Our method achieves accurate and robust registration of brain MRI scans with pathologies, which achieves a median absolute error of 1.64 mm and 88% of successful registration rate in the validation set of BraTS-Reg challenge.

Tony C. W. Mok, Albert C. S. Chung