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In ACS applied materials & interfaces ; h5-index 147.0

Bulk defects in silicon solar cells are a key contributor to loss of efficiency. To detect and identify those defects, temperature- and injection-dependent lifetime spectroscopy is usually used, and the defect parameters are traditionally extracted using fitting methods to the Shockley-Read-Hall recombination statistics. In this study, we propose a deep learning-based extraction technique that is based on an alternative representation of the lifetime curves: lifetime mapping in the temperature and minority carrier concentration space. The deep learning approach successfully predicts all the defect parameters while addressing one of the main limitations of the traditional approach of locating the defect in the energy spectrum, which usually outputs two possible solutions. Furthermore, the approach is applied to temperature-dependent defect parameters where the traditional approach is not applicable, achieving satisfying levels of prediction of the defect parameters. Image representation and deep learning have the potential to bolster solar cell characterization techniques by extracting more insights from the characterization data.

Buratti Yoann, Dick Josef, Le Gia Quoc, Hameiri Ziv


Shockley−Read−Hall, characterization, convolutional neural networks, machine learning, silicon, solar cells