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In Advanced healthcare materials

Hydrogel-based wearable epidermal sensors (HWESs) have attracted widespread attention in health monitoring, especially considering their colorimetric readout capability. However, it remains challenging for HWESs to work at extreme temperatures with long-term stability due to the existence of water. Herein, we developed a wearable transparent epidermal sensor with thermal compatibility and long-term stability for smart colorimetric multi-signals monitoring, based on an anti-freezing and anti-drying hydrogel with high transparency (over 90% transmittance), high stretchability (up to 1,500%), and desirable adhesiveness to various kinds of substrates. The hydrogel consists of polyacrylic acid, polyacrylamide, and tannic acid-coated cellulose nanocrystals in glycerin/water binary solvents. When glycerin readily forms strong hydrogen bonds with water, the hydrogel exhibits outstanding thermal compatibility. Besides, the hydrogel maintains excellent adhesion, stretchability, and transparency after long-term storage (45 days) or at subzero temperatures (-20 °C). For smart colorimetric multi-signals monitoring, the freestanding smart colorimetric HWESs are utilized for simultaneously monitoring the pH, T, and light, where colorimetric signals can be read and stored by artificial intelligence strategies in a real-time manner. In summary, the developed wearable transparent epidermal sensor holds great potential for monitoring multi-signals with visible readouts in long-term health monitoring. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Han Fei, Xie Xueyong, Wang Tiansong, Cao Chaoyu, Li Juju, Sun Tianyin, Liu Hao, Geng Songmei, Wei Zhao, Li Jing, Xu Feng


Hydrogels, Smart monitoring, Visible readouts, Wearable sensor