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In Briefings in bioinformatics

Imaging genetics provides unique insights into the pathological studies of complex brain diseases by integrating the characteristics of multi-level medical data. However, most current imaging genetics research performs incomplete data fusion. Also, there is a lack of effective deep learning methods to analyze neuroimaging and genetic data jointly. Therefore, this paper first constructs the brain region-gene networks to intuitively represent the association pattern of pathogenetic factors. Second, a novel feature information aggregation model is constructed to accurately describe the information aggregation process among brain region nodes and gene nodes. Finally, a deep learning method called feature information aggregation and diffusion generative adversarial network (FIAD-GAN) is proposed to efficiently classify samples and select features. We focus on improving the generator with the proposed convolution and deconvolution operations, with which the interpretability of the deep learning framework has been dramatically improved. The experimental results indicate that FIAD-GAN can not only achieve superior results in various disease classification tasks but also extract brain regions and genes closely related to AD. This work provides a novel method for intelligent clinical decisions. The relevant biomedical discoveries provide a reliable reference and technical basis for the clinical diagnosis, treatment and pathological analysis of disease.

Bi Xia-An, Mao Yuhua, Luo Sheng, Wu Hao, Zhang Lixia, Luo Xun, Xu Luyun


Alzheimer’s disease, brain disease classification, brain imaging genetics, deep learning, feature information aggregation and diffusion generation adversarial network, feature selection