In Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987)
BACKGROUND : Texture analysis and machine learning methods are useful in distinguishing between benign and malignant tissues.
PURPOSE : To discriminate benign from malignant or metastatic mediastinal lymph nodes using F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) texture analyses with machine learning and determine lung cancer subtypes based on the analysis of lymph nodes.
MATERIAL AND METHODS : Suitable texture features were entered into the algorithms. Features that statistically significantly differed between the lymph nodes with small cell lung cancer (SCLC), adenocarcinoma (ADC), and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) were determined.
RESULTS : The most successful algorithms were decision tree with the sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC) values of 89%, 50%, and 0.692, respectively, and naive Bayes (NB) with the sensitivity, specificity, and AUC values of 50%, 81%, and 0.756, respectively, for PET/CT, and NB with the sensitivity, specificity, and AUC values of 10%, 96%, and 0.515, respectively, and logistic regression with the sensitivity, specificity, and AUC values of 21%, 83%, and 0.631, respectively, for CT. In total, 13 features were able to differentiate SCLC and ADC, two features SCLC and SCC, and 33 features ADC and SCC lymph node metastases in PET/CT. One feature differed between SCLC and ADC metastases in CT.
CONCLUSION : Texture analysis is beneficial to discriminate between benign and malignant lymph nodes and differentiate lung cancer subtypes based on the analysis of lymph nodes.
Bülbül Ogün, Bülbül Hande Melike, Tertemiz Kemal Can, Çapa Kaya Gamze, Gürel Duygu, Ulukuş Emine Çağnur, Gezer Naciye Sinem
Positron emission tomography, computed tomography, mediastinum