In Journal of the Chinese Medical Association : JCMA
COVID-19 has greatly affected human life for over 3 years. In this review, we focus on smart healthcare solutions that address major requirements for coping with the COVID-19 pandemic, including (1) the continuous monitoring of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), (2) patient stratification with distinct short-term outcomes (e.g. mild or severe diseases) and long-term outcomes (e.g. long COVID), and (3) adherence to medication and treatments for patients with COVID-19. Smart healthcare often utilizes medical artificial intelligence (AI) and cloud computing and integrates cutting-edge biological and optoelectronic techniques. These are valuable technologies for addressing the unmet needs in the management of COVID. By leveraging deep/machine learning (DL/ML) capabilities and big data, medical AI can perform precise prognosis predictions and provide reliable suggestions for physicians' decision-making. Through the assistance of the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT), which encompasses wearable devices, smartphone apps, Internet-based drug delivery systems, and telemedicine technologies, the status of mild cases can be continuously monitored and medications provided at home without the need for hospital care. In cases that develop into severe cases, emergency feedback can be provided through the hospital for rapid treatment. Smart healthcare can possibly prevent the development of severe COVID-19 cases and therefore lower the burden on intensive care units.
Yang De-Ming, Chang Tai-Jay, Hung Kai-Feng, Wang Mong-Lien, Cheng Yen-Fu, Chiang Su-Hua, Chen Mei-Fang, Liao Yi-Ting, Lai Wei-Qun, Liang Kung-Hao