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In Therapeutic advances in neurological disorders

Background : Previous studies found that Asians seemed to have higher risk of HT after thrombolysis than Caucasians due to its race differences in genetic polymorphism. Whether the model developed by Caucasians could predict risk of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) in Asians was unknown.

Objectives : To develop a machine learning-based model for predicting sICH after stroke thrombolysis in Caucasians and externally validate it in an independent Han Chinese cohort.

Design : The derivation Caucasian sample included 1738 ischemic stroke (IS) patients from the Virtual International Stroke Trials Archive (VISTA) data set, and the external validation Han Chinese cohort included 296 IS patients who were treated with intravenous thrombolysis.

Methods : Twenty-eight variables were collected across both samples. According to their properties, we classified them into six distinct clusters (ie, demographic variables, medical history, previous medication, baseline blood biomarkers, neuroimaging markers on initial CT scan and clinical characteristics). A support vector machine (SVM) model, which consisted of data processing, model training, testing and a 10-fold cross-validation, was developed to predict the risk of sICH after stroke thrombolysis. The receiving operating characteristic (ROC) was used to assess the prediction performance of the SVM model. A domain contribution analysis was then performed to test which cluster had the highest influence on the performance of the model.

Results : In total, 85 (4.9%) patients developed sICH in the Caucasians, and 29 (9.8%) patients developed sICH in the Han Chinese cohort. Eight features including age, NIHSS score, SBP (systolic blood pressure), DBP (diastolic blood pressure), ALP (alkaline phosphatase), ALT (alanine transaminase), glucose, and creatine level were included in the final model, all of which were from demographic, clinical characteristics, and blood biomarkers clusters, respectively. The SVM model showed a good predictive performance in both Caucasians (AUC = 0.87) and Han Chinese patients (AUC = 0.74). Domain contribution analysis showed that inclusion/exclusion of clinical characteristic cluster (NIHSS score, SBP, and DBP), had the highest influence on the performance of predicting sICH in both Caucasian and Han Chinese cohorts.

Conclusion : The established SVM model is feasible for predicting the risk of sICH after thrombolysis quickly and efficiently in both Caucasian and Han Chinese cohort.

Liu Junfeng, Chen Xinyue, Guo Xiaonan, Xu Renjie, Wang Yanan, Liu Ming


Caucasians, Han Chinese, ischemic stroke, machine learning, support vector machine, symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage, thrombolysis