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In Frontiers in neuroscience ; h5-index 72.0

The automation of behavioral tracking and analysis in preclinical research can serve to advance the rate of research outcomes, increase experimental scalability, and challenge the scientific reproducibility crisis. Recent advances in the efficiency, accuracy, and accessibility of deep learning (DL) and machine learning (ML) frameworks are enabling this automation. As the ongoing opioid epidemic continues to worsen alongside increasing rates of chronic pain, there are ever-growing needs to understand opioid use disorders (OUDs) and identify non-opioid therapeutic options for pain. In this review, we examine how these related needs can be advanced by the development and validation of DL and ML resources for automated pain and withdrawal behavioral tracking. We aim to emphasize the utility of these tools for automated behavioral analysis, and we argue that currently developed models should be deployed to address novel questions in the fields of pain and OUD research.

Bumgarner Jacob R, Becker-Krail Darius D, White Rhett C, Nelson Randy J


automated behavioral analysis, deep learning, machine learning, markerless tracking, opioid use disorder (OUD), opioid withdrawal, pain, pose estimation