In Critical reviews in food science and nutrition ; h5-index 70.0
In considering the need of people all over the world for high-quality food, there has been a recent increase in interest in the role of nondestructive and rapid detection technologies in the food industry. Moreover, the analysis of data acquired by most nondestructive technologies is complex, time-consuming, and requires highly skilled operators. Meanwhile, the general applicability of various chemometric or statistical methods is affected by noise, sample, variability, and data complexity that vary under various testing conditions. Nowadays, machine learning (ML) techniques have a wide range of applications in the food industry, especially in nondestructive technology and equipment intelligence, due to their powerful ability in handling irrelevant information, extracting feature variables, and building calibration models. The review provides an introduction and comparison of machine learning techniques, and summarizes these algorithms as traditional machine learning (TML), and deep learning (DL). Moreover, several novel nondestructive technologies, namely acoustic analysis, machine vision (MV), electronic nose (E-nose), and spectral imaging, combined with different advanced ML techniques and their applications in food quality assessment such as variety identification and classification, safety inspection and processing control, are presented. In addition to this, the existing challenges and prospects are discussed. The result of this review indicates that nondestructive testing technologies combined with state-of-the-art machine learning techniques show great potential for monitoring the quality and safety of food products and different machine learning algorithms have their characteristics and applicability scenarios. Due to the nature of feature learning, DL is one of the most promising and powerful techniques for real-time applications, which needs further research for full and wide applications in the food industry.
Lin Yuandong, Ma Ji, Wang Qijun, Sun Da-Wen
Nondestructive technologies, artificial intelligence, deep learning, food quality, machine learning