In Arabian journal for science and engineering
The emergence of deep learning has paved to solve many problems in the real world. COVID-19 pandemic, since the late 2019, has been affecting lives of people across the globe. Chest CT scan images are used to detect it and know its severity in patients. The problem with many existing solutions in COVID-19 detection using CT scan images is that inability to detect the infection when it is in initial stages. As the infection can exist on varied scales, there is need for more comprehensive approach that can ascertain the disease at all scales. Towards this end, we proposed a deep learning-based framework known as Automated Deep Learning-based COVID-19 Detection Framework (ADL-CDF). It does not need a human medical expert in diagnosis as it is capable of detecting automatically. The framework is assisted by two algorithms that involve image processing and deep learning. The first algorithm known as Region of Interest (ROI)-based Image Filtering (ROI-IF) which analyses given input CT scan images of a patient and discards the ones where ROI is missing. This algorithm minimizes time taken for processing besides reducing false positive rate. The second algorithm is known as Multi-Scale Feature Selection algorithm that fits into the deep learning framework's pipeline to leverage detection performance of the ADL-CDF. The proposed framework is evaluated against ResNet50V2 and Xception. Our empirical study revealed that our model outperforms the state of the art.
Saheb Shaik Khasim, Narayanan B, Rao Thota Venkat Narayana
Convolutional neural networks, Covid-19, Deep learning, Medical image analysis, Multi-scale feature selection