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In Computational intelligence and neuroscience

With the advancements in data mining, wearables, and cloud computing, online disease diagnosis services have been widely employed in the e-healthcare environment and improved the quality of the services. The e-healthcare services help to reduce the death rate by the earlier identification of the diseases. Simultaneously, heart disease (HD) is a deadly disorder, and patient survival depends on early diagnosis of HD. Early HD diagnosis and categorization play a key role in the analysis of clinical data. In the context of e-healthcare, we provide a novel feature selection with hybrid deep learning-based heart disease detection and classification (FSHDL-HDDC) model. The two primary preprocessing processes of the FSHDL-HDDC approach are data normalisation and the replacement of missing values. The FSHDL-HDDC method also necessitates the development of a feature selection method based on the elite opposition-based squirrel searchalgorithm (EO-SSA) in order to determine the optimal subset of features. Moreover, an attention-based convolutional neural network (ACNN) with long short-term memory (LSTM), called (ACNN-LSTM) model, is utilized for the detection of HD by using medical data. An extensive experimental study is performed to ensure the improved classification performance of the FSHDL-HDDC technique. A detailed comparison study reported the betterment of the FSHDL-HDDC method on existing techniques interms of different performance measures. The suggested system, the FSHDL-HDDC, has reached its maximum level of accuracy, which is 0.9772.

B Dwarakanath, M Latha, R Annamalai, Kallimani Jagadish S, Walia Ranjan, Belete Birhanu