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In Frontiers in psychiatry

In neuroscience, protein activity characterizes neuronal excitability in response to a diverse array of external stimuli and represents the cell state throughout the development of brain diseases. Importantly, it is necessary to characterize the proteins involved in disease progression, nuclear function determination, stimulation method effect, and other aspects. Therefore, the quantification of protein activity is indispensable in neuroscience. Currently, ImageJ software and manual counting are two of the most commonly used methods to quantify proteins. To improve the efficiency of quantitative protein statistics, the you-only-look-once-v5 (YOLOv5) model was proposed. In this study, c-Fos immunofluorescence images data set as an example to verify the efficacy of the system using protein quantitative statistics. The results indicate that YOLOv5 was less time-consuming or obtained higher accuracy than other methods (time: ImageJ software: 80.12 ± 1.67 s, manual counting: 3.41 ± 0.25 s, YOLOv5: 0.0251 ± 0.0003 s, p < 0.0001, n = 83; simple linear regression equation: ImageJ software: Y = 1.013 × X + 0.776, R 2 = 0.837; manual counting: Y = 1.0*X + 0, R 2 = 1; YOLOv5: Y = 0.9730*X + 0.3821, R 2 = 0.933, n = 130). The findings suggest that the YOLOv5 algorithm provides feasible methods for quantitative statistical analysis of proteins and has good potential for application in detecting target proteins in neuroscience.

Pang Na, Liu Zihao, Lin Zhengrong, Chen Xiaoyan, Liu Xiufang, Pan Min, Shi Keke, Xiao Yang, Xu Lisheng


c-Fos, deep learning, neuron activity, neuroscience, quantitative statistics