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In Frontiers in sports and active living

Muscle force analysis can be essential for injury risk estimation and performance enhancement in sports like strength training. However, current methods to record muscle forces including electromyography or marker-based measurements combined with a musculoskeletal model are time-consuming and restrict the athlete's natural movement due to equipment attachment. Therefore, the feasibility and validity of a more applicable method, requiring only a single standard camera for the recordings, combined with a deep-learning model and musculoskeletal model is evaluated in the present study during upper-body strength exercises performed by five athletes. Comparison of muscle forces obtained by the single camera driven model against those obtained from a state-of-the art marker-based driven musculoskeletal model revealed strong to excellent correlations and reasonable RMSD's of 0.4-2.1% of the maximum force (Fmax) for prime movers, and weak to strong correlations with RMSD's of 0.4-0.7% Fmax for stabilizing and secondary muscles. In conclusion, a single camera deep-learning driven model is a feasible method for muscle force analysis in a strength training environment, and first validity results show reasonable accuracies, especially for prime mover muscle forces. However, it is evident that future research should investigate this method for a larger sample size and for multiple exercises.

Noteboom Lisa, Hoozemans Marco J M, Veeger H E J, Van Der Helm Frans C T


artificial intelligence, fitness, markerless motion capture, musculoskeletal modeling, strength training, video-based motion capture