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In Frontiers in oncology

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death globally, killing 1.8 million people yearly. Over 85% of lung cancer cases are non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Lung cancer running in families has shown that some genes are linked to lung cancer. Genes associated with NSCLC have been found by next-generation sequencing (NGS) and genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Many papers, however, neglected the complex information about interactions between gene pairs. Along with its high cost, GWAS analysis has an obvious drawback of false-positive results. Based on the above problem, computational techniques are used to offer researchers alternative and complementary low-cost disease-gene association findings. To help find NSCLC-related genes, we proposed a new network-based machine learning method, named deepRW, to predict genes linked to NSCLC. We first constructed a gene interaction network consisting of genes that are related and irrelevant to NSCLC disease and used deep walk and graph convolutional network (GCN) method to learn gene-disease interactions. Finally, deep neural network (DNN) was utilized as the prediction module to decide which genes are related to NSCLC. To evaluate the performance of deepRW, we ran tests with 10-fold cross-validation. The experimental results showed that our method greatly exceeded the existing methods. In addition, the effectiveness of each module in deepRW was demonstrated in comparative experiments.

Cai Yong, Wu Qiongya, Chen Yun, Liu Yu, Wang Jiying


computational techniques, deep neural network, deep walk, graph convolutional network, lung cancer