Hereditary tyrosinemia type Ⅰ (HT1) is a severe autosomal recessive inherited metabolic disease, which can result in severe damage of liver and kidney. Photoacoustic imaging (PAI) uses pulsed laser light to induce ultrasonic signals to facilitate the visualization of lesions that are strongly related to disease progression. In this study, the structural and functional changes of liver and kidney in HT1 was investigated by cross-scale PAI. The results showed that the hepatic lobule and renal tubule were severely damaged during HT1 progression. The hemoglobin content, vessel density, and liver function reserve were decreased. The metabolic half-life of indocyanine green declined from 59.8 s in health to 262.6 s in the advanced stage. Blood oxygen saturation was much lower than that in health. This study highlights the potential of PAI for in vivo evaluation of the liver and kidney lesions in HT1.
Huang Guojia, Lv Jing, He Yong, Yang Jian, Zeng Lvming, Nie Liming
Hepatic lobule, Photoacoustic imaging, Renal tubule, Tyrosinemia