Dengue is the most widespread vector-borne disease worldwide. Timely diagnosis and treatment of dengue is the main objective of medical professionals to decrease mortality rates. In this paper, we propose an autonomous cycle that integrates data analysis tasks to support decision-making in the clinical management of dengue. Particularly, the autonomous cycle supports dengue diagnosis and treatment. The proposed system was built using machine learning techniques for classification tasks (artificial neural networks and support vector machines) and evolutionary techniques (a genetic algorithm) for prescription tasks (treatment). The system was quantitatively evaluated using dengue-patient datasets reported by healthcare institutions. Our system was compared with previous works using qualitative criteria. The proposed system has the ability to classify a patient's clinical picture and recommend the best treatment option. In particular, the classification of dengue was done with 98% accuracy and a genetic algorithm recommends treatment options for particular patients. Finally, our system is flexible and easily adaptable, which will allow the addition of new tasks for dengue analysis.
Hoyos William, Aguilar Jose, Toro Mauricio
Autonomic computing, Clinical decision-support system, Computational intelligence, Data analysis, Dengue